Digitising construction data: classification systems and data templates

In recent years, different organisations have developed data models that are gradually being adopted across the construction sector to facilitate data exchange and accelerate the digital transformation. In this article we will compare the two most prevalent approaches and consider the pros and cons of applying them on industry level. The first approach is the use of classification systems to digitise information about construction objects.  The second alternative is Data Templates proposed by the standardisation bodies ISO and CEN for use in Building Information Modelling.

Defining the universal data model

The main aim of data models is to provide the definition and format of data. According to West and Fowler*, ‘if this is done consistently across systems then compatibility of data…

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